Official Cadet Manual – 2018

Please take the time to review this manual in full! You’ll find Flag Party, Drill Team and National Flying Scholarship practice materials below the manual.

Cadet Manual 2018


844 Norseman General Reference Guide

Take the time to familiarize yourself with all the content within this guide and refer to it often!


Welcome to 844 Norseman Royal Canadian Air Cadet Squadron and to part of the largest youth group in Canada! This guide will explain how things work at our unit and what is expected of each Cadet.

The cadet program is based on your efforts. It will provide opportunities for you if you are willing to put in the work. Remember the aims of the program, to promote physical fitness, develop in youth leadership and citizenship and to promote an interest in aviation in the Canadian Forces. We provide you the tools and resources; it’s your job to make the commitment, dedication, and to have fun doing it and making it fun for everyone!

Contact Info

The Squadron phone number is (705) 789-7858

facebook group: 844 Air Cadets

This is a ‘closed group’ only for current cadets, parents, staff and sponsoring committee members.


If you cannot attend a parade night or activity, you MUST contact us. Best practice is to leave a message with your name and reason on our answering machine. Staff will contact the parent/guardian of any absent Cadets.

  • Attendance is marked for every activity and is included as part of the Cadet Training file. Some but not all weekend activities are mandatory training. If you cannot attend a weekend activity, check with the Training Officer to find out if the activity is part of your mandatory training.
  • Absence for more than 3 weeks will result in a counseling session with an officer and may affect your training year.

Chain of Command

All section heads, the Deputy Commanding Officer (DCO) and the Squadron Cadet Commander (Sqn Comd) answer directly to the CO (Commanding Officer). The Squadron Deputy Cadet Commander (D/Comd), the Squadron Warrant Officer (SWO) and the Flight Commanders (FComds) answer directly to the Sqn Comd. 

All cadets may make an appointment with the Unit Cadet Conflict Management Advisor (UCCMA) directly without going through the chain of command.

844 Squadron Chain of command:  

CO – Captain Adam Smith
DCO – 2LT Patricia Wilton
Sqn Comd – TBD
D/Comd – TBD

Harassment Policy

The Canadian Cadet Movement does not tolerate harassment in any form. We will uphold the zero tolerance policies laid out by Department of National Defence. No member of the CCM shall harass physically, sexually, verbally or mentally any Cadet, Officer or Civilian. This includes but is not limited to bullying or taunting by word, gesture or electronic means. Zero tolerance means that anyone found to go against this policy will be disciplined in accordance with Cadet Administrative and Training Orders. The most severe of which (other than criminal harassment) will result in expulsion from the Squadron.

Dress Regulations

As an Air Cadet you have been issued a uniform. This uniform remains the property of DND. YOU have the responsibility to maintain the uniform as directed by the AIR CADET DRESS REGULATIONS as found in CATO 55-04. This can be found on our website under Cadet Info->Cadet Dress Regulations.

This will be the definitive order for all Cadets.

  1. Every week at parades you will be inspected. This inspection will usually be done by either your Flight Commander or the SWO.
  2. If you need to improve or fix part of your uniform, the inspecting person will point out to you what is wrong and what you need to do to fix the problem. There will be an inspection sheet filled out and you will have to fix the problem before the next inspection. If you do not correct the problem, it will be recorded on a ‘CHIT’. If the problem persists, you will be counselled by the Sqn Comd, DCO or even the CO.
  3. A good uniform will be recognized. The SWO will choose the best Cadet uniform and recommend the cadet be awarded the Best Uniform of the Month. This award is a white lanyard that you can wear on your uniform to show everyone you have surpassed the uniform standard. This will be worn from the CO’s Parade when it is awarded until the start of the next CO’s parade.
  4. If you have questions about how to polish your boots or tie a tie, ask your Cpl, FCpl or Flt Comd. They will answer your question, show you how or find out the answer.
  5. A boot polishing cloth and a can of boot polish will be issued with your uniform initial issue. After that you have to purchase replacements from the canteen or at a store. Make sure you ALWAYS use KIWI cloth and KIWI polish. Anything else will probably wreck your boots. The polish and cloth sold at the canteen is at a discounted price.


It isn’t just about the uniform; it is also how you act when you are at a cadet activity. Never chew gum, put hands in your pockets or slouch in uniform. Always show respect to your peers and superiors. You can look to Senior Cadets and Officers for how to act (deportment) during parade nights, or on other cadet activities.

Entering the Parade Square of Officer Office

There is a proper way to enter the gym on a parade night or the office of an Officer. To properly enter the gym or Parade square, step into the room, halt on the first black line, salute, turn right and march into position. To enter the office of an Officer, stand at attention at the door, when prompted to enter, salute, enter and either stand or sit as directed.

How to Talk to Others

  • Other Cadets: First say their rank and last name
  • Staff member or WO: First say their rank and last name; or start with Sir or Ma’am


Follow these guidelines for when to salute.

  • The first and last times you see an officer on a Parade night
  • When approaching an officer to talk to them, then again when you are finished talking
  • On the Parade square, anytime you pass within 10 feet of an officer
  • Anytime you pass the Canadian flag, any National flag of other country or pass an Officer in or out of uniform outside
  • Senior Cadets are not saluted BUT you show respect by ‘checking’ your arms whenever you would salute an Officer

The Mysteries of Boot Polishing – Solved!

The following information was obtained from a past 844 Norseman Cadet who always had great boots… Read the secrets below and you, too, can have great boots every parade!

How To Spit-and-Polish
Feeling depressed about the sorry state of your shoes or boots? Think you should look 100% all the time? Think you’re good enough to be an Officer? Think you can do better than your peers? If the answer is “Yes!” to these questions, then read this!Keeping your appearance above 100% will never hinder your Cadet career, and having shiny shoes will make you stand out from the crowd as someone who cares about the way they look in uniform.Spit and Polishing (aka. “Bulling”,”Polishing” etc.) has been around for many a moon, and there are about fifty different methods handed down from airman to airman over the years. The ones you are most likely to hear about are:

  1. Cheating – using paints, varnish’s etc.  Basically quick fixes that any good inspecting Officer will pick up on in 2 seconds flat. Top Tip: Don’t do these! 
  2. Cotton Wool method – using a wad of cotton balls, water and polish.  This method does work, but will not give a very good result for reasons I will not bore you with.
  3. Bizarre stories of using a spoon, irons and other household implements to get big layers of polish onto the shoe quickly. Top Tip: Don’t do these, of if you do, don’t say I said that you could when your mother goes nuts because you have used her best iron to polish with!

The method I am going to be describing will use the following implements:

  • You
  • Your finger
  • Kiwi Shoe Polish (Black) – must be Kiwi (its the best). If you want to use Kiwi Parade Gloss, then be warned that it contains paraffin which will have a detrimental effect on the quality of shine you achieve. I would suggest you use the good old, standard black Kiwi polish.
  • A duster or soft rag (you can get them from your local supermarket) (note: Marines will tell you to use a white cloth diaper that’s been washed a few times.)
  • The shoe or boot you wish to polish (duh!)
  • Some water in a bowl if you are a wussy (more on that later)

OK, here we go. This is not a quick fix; it will take you hours (literally) to do this properly, so the first thing to do is to find a comfortable location. I would heartily suggest an old chair (with appropriate protective coverings to ensure that polish doesn’t get on the furniture – you have been warned! Parents don’t appreciate black sofas!) in front of the TV. Take a seat. Comfortable? Right then we will begin:


  • Take the top off your newly acquired tin of Kiwi Black shoe polish and observe the shiny surface. Also note the smell. Kiwi is a mix of oils, waxes and colorings, it has a pungent odor. Become one with your tin of polish, do not be put off by the smell, it will not hurt you!
  • Pick up your boot. The toe cap should be free of mud, dirt and dust. Give it a wipe with your nice new shiny duster. If it is covered in filth, wash it all off and leave them to dry and come back to them later.
  • Are there any large scratches or holes in the boots? If yes, then the job will take longer: more scratches = more time.
  • Pick up your duster and wrap it around your index finger. You are aiming for something like:

Points to note:

  • The pad of your finger (where your finger print is) is smooth. That is, there are no wrinkles in the duster. This is vital, you will polish with the pad of your finger.
  • The tin of polish is open and ready to rock.
  • Take the pad of your finger (the one with the cloth wrapped around it) and apply some polish to it from your Kiwi. When starting for the first time take on a big load of polish. You will use less and less as you go on, but you need to build a layer of polish to polish upon first, if you see what I mean! When starting off, aim for about this much:

Layers and Applying the Polish
In order to get the “black mirror” effect i.e. when you look into the toe cap you can see your own reflection, we firstly need to talk about layers. Bulling (spit and polishing) is about layers. You need to have good base layers to polish upon further to obtain the desired “black mirror” effect. When you first start, you will need to apply thick layers, once you have got enough thick layers onto the leather, you will have a surface you can turn into glass!

OK, here we go.

  • Take your duster with the polish on it and apply it to the toe cap of your boot in a circular motion. Do not press hard, you only need to have a slight pressure on the pad of your finger.

The first thing you will notice is that whilst polishing, it feels “rough” and is almost putting pressure back onto the duster, making the process harder. This is because you need to lubricate the polish being applied. This is where your small amount of water comes in (if you are a wussy). Personally, I do not use water, I use spit, hence “spit and polish”. If you use water, you run the risk of having too much, which is bad, as it dulls the polish. The perfect amount of liquid required for this process can be found on your tongue. Now before we go on:

I hereby absolve myself from blame of anyone who is daft enough to swallow polish, the duster or the boot itself and consequently damage themselves in any way. Just so I don’t get sued.

If you wish to use the water, then fine, but for this demonstration, I will use my tongue. Dab the pad of your finger (with the duster with the polish on it) onto your tongue. Start applying the polish again in a circular motion. Whenever you feel the pressure or roughness coming back, apply more liquid to the cloth not to the boot itself. Spitting on the boot puts too much liquid on.
Top Tip: The circular motion is vital. Aim for a motion of about an inch in diameter. Too small, and you will be there all day, too big and you don’t really achieve anything.

Swirls and moving on with the process
OK, when you are applying the polish (in a circular motion), you will see polish “swirls”. Do not be afraid, this is quite normal and healthy.

“Phew” I hear you say! Swirls are good, they show that you are doing it right. As you keep polishing, the swirls will start to go away. This too, is very normal, it indicates that it is time for the next layer.

I stated that you will need big layers at first, depending on the state of the toe cap. More scrapes and scratches = more layers required. Your next layer should be as thick as the first one.

Start your next layer, when it feels “rough”, apply more liquid, when the swirls start to go away, apply your next layer!

You are now “Bulling”!! Congratulations! Now it gets interesting…

Recognizing the Signs
When you have been applying thick layers for some time, you will notice that you are beginning to build up a thick layer of polish over the toe cap, the scratches and scrapes will start to disappear the more layers you apply. A good indication of when enough is enough is when the surface of the toe cap is smooth: there are no scratches, potholes or anything else to be seen apart from a smooth surface.

Many people ask me how long it takes to get to this stage. My standard answer is that it depends on the state of the boot, how long you have been “bulling” for overall and how much time and effort you have put into the process. I said it takes hours and I wasn’t kidding.

For an inexperienced Cadet (first timer, newbie etc), to get to the “smooth” state:

One boot will take around (ish) 1.5 hours therefore Two boots will take around three hours,

For an experienced “Buller”, to get to the “smooth” state:

One boot will take around 3/4 to an hour therefore Two boots will take around 1.5 hours.

It is totally dependent on the state of the boot and skill level.

Finishing Off
Once you have reached the “smooth” state, you can now turn the shoes into “black mirrors” or “glass”. To do this, start to reduce the amount of polish you use on each layer. As you carry on, reducing the amount of polish with each layer, you will start to see the boot start to gleam. They are getting really shiny. Don’t think you are finished yet!

Keep going with the layers until you are only having to use a spot of polish:

You should be able to see your own reflection in the toe cap now, if you can then WELL DONE! If you can’t, here’s some more top tips:

Top Tip: You will know if you are using too much liquid because the surface becomes “duller” quickly, to fix this, use more polish to soak up the liquid.

To finish the process, simply polish away the last of the swirls from the last layer. And there you are, some highly polished shoes or boots any Warrant Officer would be proud of! Good effort!

WOO! That was a lot to go through. But now you have everything you need to get the most out of being a cadet and to enjoy your time as a Norseman! Congratulations, Cadet!

If you have any suggestions for changes or additions to this manual, let the CO know (through your Chain of Command, of course :D).

Flag Party Guidance Guide

Manual of Drill and Ceremonial

*NEW* National Flying Scholarship Practice Materials

Those preparing for Flying Scholarship should download the following practice and reference materials.

National Flying Scholarship PIP 2017